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After 10th- Higher Secondary

Home - After 10th - Higher Secondary
State Board

Part I – Tamil, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu, Malayalam, Urdu, Gujarati, Sanskrit, Arabic, Persian, French, German and Latin
Part II - English
Part III - There are two streams under part III namely General and Vocational

A. General Streamin which we can divide into science stream and arts stream

  • Science stream
    1. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology (both Tamil & English Medium)
    2. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science (English Medium)
    3. Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology (Both Tamil & English Medium)
    4. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Bio-chemistry (both Tamil & English Medium)   
    5. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Microbiology (English Medium)
  • Arts and Commerce Stream
  • 1. Economics Commerce Accountancy Business Mathematics
    2. Maths Home Science History Adv. Language
    3. Maths History Economics Adv. Language
    4. Maths History Political Science Adv. Language
    5. Maths History Commerce Adv. Language
    6. Maths History Accountancy Adv. Language
    7. Maths Economics Commerce Accountancy
    8. Maths Political Science Commerce Accountancy
    9. Maths Commerce Accountancy Logic
    10. Home Science History Economics Adv. Language
    11. History Economics Political Science Adv. Language
    12. History Economics Sociology Adv. Language
    13. History Economics Commerce Accountancy
    14. History Economics Commerce Adv. Language
    15. History Economics Accountancy Adv. Language
    16. History Economics Psychology Adv. Language
    17. History Economics Ethics & Indian Culture Adv. Language
    18. History Commerce Accountancy Adv. Language
    19. Economics Commerce Accountancy Logic
    20. Economics Commerce Accountancy Adv. Language
    21. History Economics Commerce Ethics & Indian Culture
    22. History Economics Political Science Sociology
    23. History Economics Political Science Ethics & Indian Culture
    24. History Economics Logic Psychology
    25. Political Science Sociology Logic Psychology
    26. Economics Political Science Commerce Accountancy

B. Vocational Stream

  • Agricultural practices
  • Draughtsman Civil
  • Electrical Machines and Appliances
  • Electronic Appliances
  • Food management and child care
  • General Machinist
  • Management principles
  • Nursing
  • Textile and Dress Designing
  • Typewriting and Computer operation  
  1. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)   has a standard pattern all over the country (and in many foreign countries where Indians are in large numbers); hence a student can find easy admission in case of sudden transfer.
  • It is also designed to give a strong foundation all-round, and most CBSE schools maintain very high standards, including in extra-curricular activities.
  • The Central Board of Secondary Education is also responsible for conducting the AIEEE examination, which serves as an entrance exam for admission to the various undergraduate engineering courses.

Pros of CBSE Stream:

  • The IIT-JEE, AIEEE and various other All-India entrance exams base their questions closest to the CBSE syllabus; hence students aspiring for such institutions stand at an advantage.
  • The CBSE syllabus is easier when compared to that of other boards, mainly due to fewer subjects and a more compact structure. Secondary subjects like Environmental Education are not compulsory under the CBSE syllabus. The subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology fall under the general umbrella of Science, and History, Geography and Civics fall under the spectrum of Social Sciences.
  • A certificate from the Central Board of Education is recognized throughout the country, in all colleges and academic centres. The syllabus is more application based under CBSE, as the board follows a concentric curriculum.
  • Kendriya Vidyalayas and other government organizations generally follow CBSE, giving opportunity for the salaried class to get good education at a very low fee.

Cons of the CBSE Stream:

  • Not much focus is laid on inculcating practical knowledge in students. The CBSE syllabus also does not lay as much emphasis on core English knowledge as its counterpart does, choosing to lay more importance on the disciplines of mathematics and science.
  • The subjects in a CBSE syllabus are approached in a theoretical manner, and true emphasis is not laid on real-life concepts behind the science. Although the syllabus is application oriented, it does not provide room for effective
  1. Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE) - is perhaps the toughest of the Indian +2 exams, but it gives a wider variety of subjects to choose from, greater sharpening of the analytical and reasoning mind, and again a good foundation for various all-India entrance exams.

Many reputed schools that have existed for decades and even a century, offer ISC, and since it is based on the Senior Cambridge pattern, its recognition in the Commonwealth and other foreign countries is also higher.

Pros of the ICSE Stream:

  • The syllabus followed by the ICSE board is more comprehensive and complete, encompassing all fields with equal importance.
  • Students who are interested in careers in the lines of management and humanities will find the curriculum followed under ICSE to be more interesting and challenging, not to mention fruitful.
  • Certification under the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education board will be recognized around the world, particularly by foreign schools and universities when compared to the central board’s local margin.
  • Due to the emphasis laid on English in ICSE, students from this board may hold a slight edge over other students in exams like TOEFL.

 Cons of the ICSE Stream:

  • Students may find the syllabus to be too extensive for their liking, as an average student practicing under an ICSE board will face thirteen subjects/examinations during the sixth grade, when compared to the six subjects faced by the student’s counterpart in a CBSE affiliated school.
  • Although an ICSE syllabus can facilitate deeper understanding and better life skills and analytical skills, pursuing further education may prove to be a problem due to a lack of leniency in evaluating papers after an ISC examination
  1. National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) - is a very flexible examination system offered by Government of India, where students have wide options to select any combination of traditional and non-conventional subjects, study two languages or one, and appear for the exams in stages.
    It also has facilities for children with special needs. Though the general public is not fully aware of this option, it is a boon to many, and recognized all over the country.

NIOS is providing a number of Vocational, Life Enrichment and community oriented courses besides General and Academic Courses at Secondary and Senior Secondary level. It also offers Elementary level Courses through its Open Basic Education Programmes (OBE)



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