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Psychology

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Definition of Psychology
Psychology is a branch of science that deals with mental processes and behavior. It is the systematic study of human and animal mind, thought, behavior, feelings, emotions, beliefs, faith, nature and reactions.
Or we can say It is a scientific methodology to explain human behaviour. Psychologist formulates theories, test hypotheses through observation and experiment, and analyse their reports with statistical techniques that help them identify important findings.
Details of Psychology

  • Psychology is one of the most popular subjects to study because it has a big impact on all areas of life, from education and health, to the economy and crime
  • The word psychology is derived from the Greek word psyche, meaning soul or mind. It's today recognized as the scientific study of the behaviour of individuals and their mental processes.
  • Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology and it is a branch of science has emerged as an important career choice available to youngsters. Not surprisingly, nothing can be more interesting and enthralling than psychology, which involves a study of the human mind.
  • It explores in-depth on the interaction between and interpersonal relationships of myriads of people inhabiting this big, wide world of ours and how this interaction affects the home, the community, the society and ultimately the human civilization in its total perspective.
  • Psychologists analyze different intentions, reactions and feelings of the mankind. Their cure and counseling is aimed at altering the behavioral patterns of the patients to initiate re-adjustment of their thought process which in turn, improves the overall quality of their lives.

What will psychology course deals with - as psychology is the scientific study of the human mind and behaviour, student will cover a variety of content in these areas. The exact content of psychology degree courses varies from university to university, but majority deals general psychology, physiological psychology, social psychology, systems and theories in psychology, developmental psychology, abnormal psychology, counselling psychology, organizational psychology, research methodology, statistics and practicum (experiments, psychological testing, and research projects).

  • Biological psychology - how the brain influences behaviour, the effects of hormones, how it can be affected by drugs.
  • Cognitive psychology - how we remember, learn, think, reason, perceive, speak and understand.
  • Developmental psychology - how humans develop physically, mentally and socially during childhood and adolescence and their life span.
  • Social psychology - how human behaviour and experience are affected by social context such as in groups and relationships.
  • Conceptual and historical issues - how psychological explanations have changed over time and key debates which shape its future.
  • Individual differences - why people have different personalities, how we can measure intelligence, how we treat mental disorders
  • Research methods - how to conduct quantitative and qualitative methods, research design, data collection, analysis and interpretation.

A Psychologist should have

  • Should able to communicate effectively, both face-to-face or in writing.
  • Skills of critical thinking, introspection, empathy, self-insight
  • To understand, analyse and use complex data.
  • Retrieve and organise information from different sources.
  • Engage in effective team work.
  • To solve problems and reason scientifically to consider alternative approaches and solutions.
  • To make critical judgements and evaluations to gain different perspectives on a question.
  • Be sensitive to contextual and interpersonal factors, including behaviour and social interaction.
  • Use personal planning and project management skills to become more independent and pragmatic.
  • Should have strong computer knowledge

Different types of career path in Psychology

  1. Clinical and community psychology
  2. Child Psychology and family Relations
  3. Health Psychology
  4. Industrial/Organizational Psychology
  5. Sports Psychology
  6. Educational Psychology
  7. Military Psychology
  8. School Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology - assess and treat people with psychological problems. They may act as therapists for people who are experiencing normal psychological crises (e.g., grief) or for individuals suffering from chronic psychiatric disorders. Some clinical psychologists are generalists who work with a wide variety of populations, while others work with specific groups such as children, the elderly, or those with specific disorders

  • Counseling Psychology – Though it is similar to clinical psychology, tend to focus more on persons with adjustment problems rather than on persons suffering from severe psychological disorders. They may be trained in psychology departments or in education departments.

  • Health Psychology - concerned with psychology's contributions to the promotion and maintenance of good health and the prevention and treatment of illness. They may design and conduct programmes to help individuals stop smoking, lose weight, shed alcoholism, manage stress, and stay physically fit. They are employed in hospitals, medical schools, rehabilitation centers, public health agencies, academic settings, and private practice.

  • Industrial/Organizational Psychology - concerned with the relationships between people and their work environments. They may develop new ways to increase workplace productivity or be involved in personnel selection. They are employed in business, government agencies, factories, industrial set-ups corporate houses and academic establishments.

  • Sports Psychology - deals with the psychological factors that improve athletic performance. They also look at the effects of exercise and physical activity on psychological adjustment and health. Sports psychologists typically work in academic settings and/or as consultants for sports teams.

  • Community CounselingThey are involved in community mental health centre

  • Educational Psychology - understand the basic aspects of human learning and to develop materials and strategies for enhancing the learning process. For example, an educational psychologist might study reading and then develop a new technique for teaching reading. Educational psychologists are typically trained in departments of education (known as departments of psychology) and employed in colleges and universities.

  • Child/ school Psychologyconduct lot of testing--mostly of children who are encountering difficulties in school--to try to diagnose the problem and, sometimes, to suggest ways of dealing with the problem. They work at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.

  • Military Psychology - intended to provide students with a broad overview of applications of psychology in the military.

Scope/career/opportunity in Psychology

Psychology provides exiting career opportunity with multiple possibilities and I would say this is one of wise choice that paves the way to rewarding career opportunities to students.

The various options which includes,  Behavior Specialist/Behavior Management Technician, Psychology Associate, Neuropsychometrist, Health Project Coordinator, Vocational rehabilitation provider, Self-reliance specialist, Developmental specialist, Drug and alcohol specialist, Employment counselor, Human resources analyst, Parole officers, Psychology program manager, Rehabilitation counselor, Social service manager, Behavioral counselor, Health project coordinator, Psychiatric technician, Rehabilitation specialist, Group home coordinator, Family services worker, Child protection worker, Child care supervisor, Human resources manager, Advertising agent, Market researcher, Employee trainer, Public relations representative, Project manager, Sales representative and Store manager.


Courses: Psychology is open to students from all streams, although some colleges give preference to those from humanities or science backgrounds, and some extra weightage for having studied psychology. Study first year includes statistics, general psychology, physiological psychology and experiment and concurrent courses, which differ from college to college. In the second year, there is social psychology, system and theory in psychology, research methodology and psychological testing.''
In the final year, students are taught abnormal psychology, child development and an optional paper (organizational psychology or counselling psychology) and special practicum or a research-based project, which again differs from college to college.

Under Graduate

  • B.A. Psychology
  • B.Sc. Psychology
  • B.A. Applied Psychology
  • B .Sc. Integrated Psychology

Postgraduate

  • M.A. Psychology
  • M.Sc. Psychology
  • M.Sc. Clinical Psychology
  • M.Sc. Holistic Psychology
  • M.Sc. Counselling and Psychotherapy
  • M.Sc. Psychological Counseling
  • M. Phil. Rehabilitation Psychology
  • M.Phil. Clinical Psychology
  • M.Phil. Psychology
  • Ph.D. Clinical Psychology
  • Ph.D. Psychology
  • Ph. D in Psychology

Diploma

  • Post Graduate Diploma in CAH Psychology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Child Psychology care and Management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical and Community psychology(CCP)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Counselling Psychology
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Resource Development (HRD) Psychology

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