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Public Administration

Home - After 12th - Degree Courses - Arts

What is public Administrationis a multidisciplinary academic field which broadly studies the development, implementation and government policies.
As Per Prof. Woodrow Wilson, “Public Administration is a detailed and systematic application of law.”
The objectives of public administration are related to the democratic values of improving equality, justice, security, efficiency and effectiveness of public services.  Public administration as an interdisciplinary discipline draws on theories and concepts from economics, political science, sociology, administrative law, management, and a range of related fields.

Details of Public administration – It is a relatively new field which emerged in the19th century. Every government around the world are facing certain challenges like globalization, liberalization, economic competition that cuts across national borders, social and political upheavals, technological changes, threats of terrorism, and a rapidly-changing labour market. These challenges could only be met by capacity building through people and institutions.
It is only people who are at the heart of performance; they provide services, promote innovations, and carry out reforms through the best use of their knowledge and skills. Thus, the job of a public administrator in any nation has become very crucial and his role indispensable.
In order to have good governance, there is a huge requirement of specialized and skilled public administrator.

  • Public administration is the art and science of management of affairs in government, business and all enterprises to attain organization goals. It is a tool in the hands of administrators to achieve optimum utilization of manpower, equipment and resources.
  • Role and Importance of Public Administration - In today’s modern state and in developing countries functions and role of Public Administration is very important. The role and importance of Public Administration are as follows.

1. It is the basis of government.
2. It is the instrument of change in the society.
3. It plays vital role in the life of the people.
4. It is an instrument for executing laws, policies, programmes of the state.
5. It is a stabilising force in the society as it provides continuity.
6. It is instrument of national integration in the developing countries which are facing class wars.

Important characteristics of Public Administration
1. It is part of executive branch of government.
2. It is related with the activities of the state.
3. It carries out the public policies.
4. It realise the aspirations of the people as formulated and expressed in the laws.
5. Public Adminstration is politically neutral.

Specialization in Public administration

  • Administrative Management
  • Personal Management and Industrial Relations
  • Law, Investigations and inspections
  • Social services
  • Organization and Public Administration
  • Finance and ethics & public policy

Public Administration course includes 

  • Theories of Administration
  • Public organization
  • Public Service
  • Constitutional Frame work

Personal Competencies required for Public Administration

  1. Administrative skills 2. a solid understanding of accounting and finance 3. Knowledge of government workings and organizational proficiency 4. Strong communication 5. Proficiency in constitutional laws 6. Strong impact assessment of policies

Scope/opportunity/ career in public administration  

Broadly speaking, Public Administration embraces all the activities of the government. Hence, the scope of public administration is no less than the scope of state activity. In the modern welfare state, people expect many things – a wide variety of services and protection from the government. In this context public administration provides a number of welfare and social security services to the people. Besides, it has to manage government owned industries and regulate private industries. Public administration covers every area and activity within the ambit public policy. Thus, the scope of public administration is very wide in modern state.

Seven types of functions (POSDCoRB) which shows the scope of Public Administration are as follows -
1. ‘P’ stands for planning
2. ‘O’ stands for organization
3. ‘S’ stands for staffing.
4. ‘D’ stands for Directing.
5. ‘Co.’ stands for Co-ordination.
6. ‘R’ stands for Reporting
7. ‘B’ stands for Budgeting

There are career opportunities in non-profit agencies and local government bodies, state government, public service organizations such as animal welfare and healthcare agencies and large non-profit organizations at the national level.
Administrative Officer, Management Analyst, Personnel Management Specialist, Labor Management & Relations Specialist, Alcohol -Tobacco and Firearms Inspector,  Customs Inspector,  Border Patrol Agent, Correctional Treatment Specialist,  Social Worker

Course Details - The Bachelor of Arts in Public administration is introduced as an undergraduate degree course that can be completed in three years. The course study involves the activities and the functions that are carried on in the public services, constitutional framework, public sector organizations and theories of administration. The course teaches the students the concept of political system in the country and helps students get aware of the democratic functions in the country that can help them to analyze the effects of public policies that are introduced by the government.  

Under Graduate

  • B. A in Public Administration
  • B. A in International Relations
  • B.A Public Relations

Postgraduate

  • M.A in Public Administration
  • M.A in Public Relations
  • M. Phil Public Administration
  • Ph. D In public Administration

Diploma

  • Diploma in Public Administration

Certificate Course

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