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Definition of Law - Law is a system of rules and guidelines, usually enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people. Or Law is the rule of conduct and ethics that guide all people. Without Law there can be no public order and policy. These can lead to chaos, malpractices, injustice, immoral and inequitable administration of justice.

Different types of laws - Laws were created by people. They were initiated and administered BY the people FOR the people for their own benefits. This does not however mean that all people can make or enact laws because there must be an authority given by the Supreme Court for those who are qualified to practice law (that is, passing the basic requirements as well as the academic requirements).

There are many categories of law. These include Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus ticket to trading on derivatives markets. Property law defines rights and obligations related to the transfer and title of personal (often referred to as chattel) and real property. Trust law applies to assets held for investment and financial security, while tort law allows claims for compensation if a person's rights or property are harmed. If the harm is criminalised in a statute, criminal law offers means by which the state can prosecute the perpetrator. Constitutional law provides a framework for the creation of law, the protection of human rights and the election of political representatives. Administrative law is used to review the decisions of government agencies, while international law governs affairs between Sovereign States in activities ranging from trade to environmental regulation or military action.

Further we can divide into

  • Law and Society - Labor law, Human rights Law, Civil and Criminal Law, Immigration and Nationality Law, Social security Law
  • Law and Commerce - Company Law, Commercial Law, Admiralty Law, Law of the Sea and Intellectual Property Law
  • Law and regulation - Tax Law, Banking Law, Competition Law, Consumer Law and Environmental Law

 Difference between Law and Customs

  • Customs are norms of the society. These are the practices that people in a given society follow for public good. These were not necessarily be in the form of law, in its constitutional meaning, but rather a sort of tradition that guides the people in order to prevent chaos etc.
  • Law is the rule of conduct and ethics that guide all people. Without Law there can be no public order and policy. These can lead to chaos, malpractices, injustice, immoral and inequitable administration of justice.

Who is Lawyer - Lawyers interpret the law through actions and words for the protection of an individual, a business concern or an idea. They must be widely versed in a great many areas: the law, economics, history, human motivation and behavior, and the practicalities of day to day living. Or In simple term a person who is practicing law.

Lawyers do practice in different way and thus it very difficult to generalize. 

Advisors to corporate:  Many lawyers in large corporate firms concentrate their efforts in mastering one particular area of specialization within the law, e.g. the intricacies of tax law. These lawyers often serve primarily as advisors to corporate clients, rarely being involved with taking a case to court.

Litigation lawyers: They prepare and present cases in court or negotiate to settle the case before the scheduled court appearance.

Practicing law in a small town or with a small community-based firm often means taking whatever cases walk through the door. This kind of practice tends to focus more on the daily legal needs of individuals - drawing up wills or deeds, filing for divorces, getting someone out of jail on bond, settling personal damage suits in court - rather than the more technical and specialized needs of corporate clients. Success is often due more to the quality of your personal interactions and persuasiveness than to your intellectual capabilities.

Scope/ opportunities/ career in Law

Lawyer profession is one of the growing and lucrative professions all over the world. It is one of the most adventurous as well as exciting career. Lawyers are held in high esteem in our society, and there remains the faith that when all else fails, one can still take recourse to the legal system. In our daily life in one way or other we may come across situations where legal advice is required. In such situation we need the advice of legal professionals who analyse and interpret law properly.

Lawyers counsel clients about their legal rights and suggest course of action in a particular matter. They also advise clients and draw up legal documents, such as wills and contracts and conduct negotiations on legal matters, and may represent clients in court and tribunal proceedings.

Careers in law

  • Law officers, legal advisors, company secretaries, and solicitors.
  • Most law graduates become law professionals having independent set ups.
  • In India, candidates with a law degree become eligible for appearing in judicial services examinations.
  • A law practitioner for a definite period of time could also become a judge in a sub-divisional court, district court or high court.
  • Law jobs are very specialized and focused in the corporate segment in India.
  • Banking and non-banking financial institutes, insurance companies, large conglomerates, multinational corporations, appoint law professionals. Many of these companies have a distinctive ‘legal cell’ for assistance and legal guidance in affairs of human resource, recoveries, agreements, taxes, fund utilization, and acquisitions.

Course Details

Law Courses in India are among the more popular study programs among undergraduate students. Careers in law exist in all segments of the economy; primary, secondary and tertiary. Law professionals are required by all manufacturing establishments, business houses, financial institutes, public sector undertakings, and government departments. The judiciary is of course the largest segment for providing opportunity to law professionals.

Under Graduate

  • Bachelor of General Law (BGL)
  • Bachelor of Law (LLB)
  • Integrated BA LLB


  • M.A. Human Rights
  • M.A. Human Rights and Duties Education
  • M. A. laour Law
  • M. Phil Law
  • Master of Comparative Laws (MCL)
  • Master of Law (LLM)
  • Ph.D. Law
  • Ph. D in law of Torts and Criminology
  • Ph. D in intellectual Property
  • MBA in Cyber Law Management
  • MBA in Corporate Law
  • Master of Computer Application ( Cyber Law and IT Security)
  • Executive MBA in Intellectual Property Rights
  • M. Sc in intellectual Property Rights


  • Diploma in Administrative Laws
  • Diploma in Alternative Dispute Resolution System
  • Diploma in Co-operative Law
  • Diploma in Corporate Laws and Management
  • Diploma in Environmental Laws
  • Diploma in Human Rights (D.H.R.)
  • Diploma in Intellectual Property Rights
  • Diploma in International Laws
  • Diploma in Labour Law and Personnel Management
  • Diploma in Labour Laws (D.L.L)
  • Diploma in Labour Laws and Industrial Relations
  • Diploma in Labour Laws and Labour Welfare
  • Diploma in Taxation Laws (D.T.L.)
  • P.G Diploma in Women's Rights and Human Rights
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Labour Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural Law
  • Diploma in Environmental Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Securities Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Constitutional Law and Contemporary Social issues
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Management ( Business Law &Corporate Governance)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Business Law
  • Advanced Diploma in Cyber Crime management

Certificate Course

  • Certificate Course in Cyber Laws
  • Certificate Course in Infotech Law


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