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Profesional Courses - Agriculture

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Importance of Agriculture

Agriculture is the backbone of our Indian economy. As Mahatma Gandhi said, "India lives in villages and agriculture is the soul of Indian economy". Agricultural development is a precondition of our national prosperity.

Agriculture is not only an important occupation of the Indian people, but also way of life, culture and custom. Most of the Indian customs and festivals are observed in consonance with agriculture seasons, activities and products.

Agriculture is the most important sector in the Indian economy which contributes around 18% to the Gross Domestic products and more than 50% of the total work force is employed in this sector.  Almost all rural India is dependent on agriculture and allied activities like vegetables and fruit cultivation, animal husbandry, diary, poultry and fisheries.

Agriculture meets the foods requirements of large population of India. It ensures food security for the country. Substantial increase in the production of food grain like-rice, wheat etc. and non-food grains like-tea, coffee, spices, fruits and vegetables, sugar, cotton etc. has made India self-sufficient. Agriculture also contributes to the national income of our country.

It produces several materials for industries. It forms the basis of many industries of India like-cotton, textile, jute, sugar industries etc by providing cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds etc. People engaged in agriculture also buy the products of industries like-tractors, pesticides, fertilizers, pump-set etc. Agriculture contributes in foreign exchange of our country.

India exports agricultural products like tea, coffee, sugar, tobacco, spices etc and earns foreign currency. Exports from the agricultural sector have helped India in earning valuable foreign exchange and thereby boosting economic development.

Career in agriculture

When you think of a career in agriculture, what's the first thing that pops into your head –a picture on an old farmer in overalls riding a tractor out to the fields to plough or perhaps pitch forking hay in front of a big red barn?  Well, think again. Today, farming is high tech, big business, and most careers in agriculture are actually either business or science related.

Agricultural science professionals specialize in agricultural production and livestock. They play an important role in maintaining the nation's food supply.

Some of the major tasks performed by them involves improving the

  • quality and quantity of farming
  • improving crop yield with less labour
  • conservation of soil and water
  • pests, diseases and weed control
  • food preservation and processing

In short, Agricultural scientists engage in research to discover and promote effective, practical pathways to sustainable land use, food and fiber production and food harvesting.

Those who have a passion for research, development and improvement in the existing agricultural products can opt for agricultural science as their career. 

The courses offered by various agricultural universities are designed for students interested in production agriculture, farm management etc. which can produce trained professionals in this field.

Major career areas in the field of agriculture are : Agricultural Research, Agri – Business, Agro Industry, Agricultural Education, Agricultural Journalism, Services in Agriculture, Banking, Farming, Conservation, Agricultural Engineering, Management, Sericulture. Today, farming is high tech, big business, and most careers in agriculture are actually either business or science related. Only a small percentage of those employed – within the agricultural industry are employed in “traditional” farming occupations.

Various Branches of Agriculture

  • Agriculture
  • Horticulture
  • Agriculture Engineering
  • Forest and wild life
  • Floriculture (flower production)
  • Olericulture (vegetable cultivation)
  • Pomology (fruit production)
  • Post harvest and preservation

Agricultural scientists draw from a wide variety of scientific disciplines, such as biology, chemistry, physics, and statistics & mathematics. In recent years, technology has had an enormous impact on the field. Advances in biotechnology have allowed agricultural scientists to manipulate the genetic make-up of plants and animals, which has created research opportunities in many areas of the agricultural and food sciences.