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Agriculture Engineering

Home -- Services -- Career Guidence -- After 12th -- Professional Courses -- Agriculture

What is Agricultural Engineering –is basically the application of all the Engineering branches in the field of agriculture to solve various problems related with Farm mechanization, productivity and development.

Details of the Agricultural Engineering

  • Agricultural Engineering is a boon of interdisciplinary engineering science. 
  • This course is an amalgamation of biological and physical sciences as base for engineering applications in agriculture and food systems, natural resource conservation, eco-friendly environment and related biological systems.  
  • Agricultural Engineering, the knowledge of agricultural principles are combined with the principles of animal biology, plant biology, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering,  civil engineering and chemical engineering. At the same time, it also utilises mathematics and science principles for the practical solutions to agricultural issues
  • Agriculture Engineers mainly involved in design, fabrication and management of system on farm equipment and conservation of soil and water resources
  • This includes all activities related to agriculture and horticulture for smooth functioning and efficient increase of food productivity, improvement in agriculture farm machinery, farm structure, rural electrification, biogas, new technology in the design and manufacture of agriculture products, conservation of soil and water are the major jobs handled by agriculture engineers.

Main Branches/Sub divisions of Agriculture

  • Agricultural Process Engineering
  • Farm Machinery and Bio-Energy
  • Soil & Water Conservation Engineering
  • Irrigation & Drainage Engineering
  • Dairy Engineering

With these Major divisions, one should also know the following minor divisions:

  • Farm Structures
  • Electrical & other Energy sources
  • Basic sciences & computer Technology
  • General Agriculture such as Agronomy, Horticulture, Soil Science, Animal Husbandry & dairy Science etc.

Importance of Agriculture Engineering

  • Agriculture is the backbone of our Indian economy. As Mahatma Gandhi said, "India lives in villages and agriculture is the soul of Indian economy". Agricultural development is a precondition of our national prosperity.
  • Agriculture is the most important sector in the Indian economy and contributes more than20% to the Gross Domestic products and more than 50% of the total work force is depend on either directly or indirectly.
  • In India, we have 15 agro-climatic regions starting from Himalayan plains to Decan plains. Hence, there are ample opportunities to grow a variety of crops.
  • Net sown area in India is 143 million hectares and India has the highest percentage of land under cultivation in the world.
  • Agriculture meets the foods requirements of large population of India. It ensures food security for the country. Substantial increase in the production of food grain like-rice, wheat etc. and non-food grains like-tea, coffee, spices, fruits and vegetables, sugar, cotton etc. has made India self-sufficient. Agriculture also contributes to the national income of our country.
  • The task of an agricultural engineer is to improve agricultural production by means of better engineering methods, inventions, technology and equipment which also require a good intellect and a desire to make a difference to the future of farming. Improvement in agricultural farm machinery, farm structures, rural electrification, bio-gas, new technologies in the design and manufacture of agricultural products and also conservation of soil and water are some of the jobs handled by an agricultural engineer.

What Agricultural Engineers will do?

Agricultural engineers also known as biological and agricultural engineers work on a variety of activities. These activities range from aquaculture (raising food, such as fish, that thrive in water) to land farming to forestry; from developing bio fuels to improving conservation; from planning animal environments to finding better ways to process food.

Specific duties depend upon the area of work but may include:

  • Designing, testing, installing and maintaining new equipment, such as harvesters, crop sprayers, transporters, milking, feeding, crop processing and storage systems, and logging equipment; modifying existing equipment to make it more efficient; and carrying out repairs and scheduled servicing – for more specific details about this role, see profile for Agricultural Engineering Technician
  • Researching and investigating problems associated with crop production and mechanised equipment, for example, terramechanics - how agricultural machinery moves over different terrain types and under different weather conditions
  • Managing or coordinating regional, national or international sales, marketing and technical support teams for an equipment manufacturer or specialist service and repair company
  • Undertaking environmental impact assessments to evaluate the consequences of bringing uncultivated or semi-natural areas under intensive production; and carrying out studies and making recommendations for sustainable land use, for instance soil and water conservation
  • Supervising agricultural construction projects such as land drainage, reclamation, clearance and irrigation
  • Offering consultancy services to farmers and businesses to help increase production, for example the use of precision farming concepts and computer modelling (used to identify variations in crop yields within an area, and simulate the effects on yields by adjusting variables such as crop position, and amount and type of fertilizer applied).

Personal competencies/ Skill required for Agricultural Engineers

As an agricultural engineer you will need:

  • Strong analytical skills and an innovative approach to problem solving
  • Excellent technical, scientific, mathematical and IT skills
  • It is also necessary to like working with tools, drawing sketches of complex things and operations, and conceptualising forms and structures.
  • While a high level of practicality, skill, accuracy, understanding power, capacity to toil, and perseverance are needed in ample quality, one must also have a knack for numbers and the ability to express one's ideas precisely to others
  • To be able to prioritise and plan effectively
  • To be able to work within budgetary constraints
  • Excellent communication and presentation skills
  • To keep up to date with new developments in technology, production methods and environmental issues
  • A willingness to work flexibly and to travel.

Scope/ opportunities/career in Agriculture Engineering

Engineering is a technologically sophisticated and ever expanding field that offers bright career prospects to agricultural graduates. Agriculture Engineers can built up a career in any country around the world and in a variety of sectors, no matter whether it is private or public. Their major task is to improve farming techniques and agricultural products and for that they combine engineering and biological science principles so that, farming is made easier, efficient and more profitable. 
Some of the specialisation in the field agricultural engineering includes:

  • Agricultural equipment designing
  • Conservation of soil and water
  • Crop production
  • Dairy Management
  • Bio-renewable products
  • Processing of agricultural products etc.

Water resource management, forestry, mining and rehabilitation, urban and rural development, machine development, product planning, crop storage and processing etc. are some of the work areas of agricultural engineers. Lucrative careers prospects are available for qualified agricultural engineers in fields like:

  • Government and Public sector organizations
  • Agribusiness firms
  • Food processing and retail industry
  • Research organizations and laboratories.
  • Banks and Financial corporations
  • Sales and Management

Central and state government organisation and private firms recruit agricultural engineers as agricultural officers for the development of agriculture in a district. In farm equipment manufacturing industry, they design, develop and manage various types of agricultural related equipments. Planning and construction of warehouses or godowns for the storage of food grains and greenhouses or glass houses for the intensive cultivation of horticultural crops; designing and development of food processing machinery are some of the duties perform by the agricultural engineers in food processing industry.


Duration -4 years

Eligibility - +2 Pass with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and preferably Biology
Typically, a B. Tech in Agriculture is a four-year course, the curriculum varies from learning about basic engineering principles to conceptualising forms and structures, and there is a balance between theory and practical.

Under Graduate

  • B.Tech. (Agricultural Engineering)
  • B. Sc Food Processing Engineering
  • B.E  Agricultural and Irrigation Engineering
  • B.E  Agricultural Engineering
  • B. Tech Water Resource Engineering


  • M.E. Agricultural Engineering
  • M. Tech  Agricultural Engineering
  • M. Tech Water Resource Engineering
  • M. Tech  Agricultural Water Management
  • M.E. Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering
  • M.E. Integrated Water Resources Management
  • M.E. Irrigation Water Management
  • M.E. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering
  • M.E. Water Recourse Engineering
  • M.E. Water Resources and Irrigation Engineering


Certificate Course


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