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What is Floriculture - is a discipline of horticulture concerned with the cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants.  The persons associated with this field are called Floriculturists

Details of Floriculture

  • From age old, flowers are symbol of beauty and love essentially grown for aesthetic, social function. Higher standards of living and growing desire to live in an environment friendly atmosphere have led to an increasing demand for floriculture.
  • Floriculture includes cultivation of flowering and ornamental plants for sales or for use as raw materials in cosmetic and perfume industry and the pharmaceutical sector. This is an emerging economic field and has been in the forefront in the recent years.
  • Floriculture products mainly consist of cut flowers, pot plants, cut foliage, seeds bulbs, tubers, rooted cuttings and dried flowers or leaves.
  • The important floricultural crops in the international cut flower trade are rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, gargera, gladiolus, gypsophila, liastris, nerine, orchids, archilea, anthuriu, tulip, and lilies.
  • Floriculture crops like gerberas, carnation, etc. are grown in green houses. The open field crops are chrysanthemum, roses, gaillardia, lily marygold, aster, tuberose etc. and most of the cut flowers are grown under control atmosphere condition.
  • Polyhouses is more preferable type of cultivation for floriculture as it provide artificially controlled environment in which threat from diseases, insects, high temperature, intense light, heavy rains, etc. are minimized. Hence, flowers are produced round the year without any seasonal constraint.

Floriculture in India

  •  Floriculture industry comprises flower trade, production of nursery plants and potted plants, seed and bulb production, micro propagation and extraction of essential oils
  • Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, West Bengal have emerged as major floriculture centers
  • About 160.7 thousand ha area was under Cultivation in floriculture in 2007-08. Productions of flowers are estimated to be 870.4 Mt of loose flowers and 43417.5 million (numbers) of cut flowers in 2007-08.
  • India’s export of Floriculture has been increased from Rs. 340.14 Crores in 2007-08 to Rs. 368.81 Crores in 2008-09.
  • Cut flowers are mainly exported from India to USA, Netherland, UK, Germany, Japan

Subdivisions/ Branches of Floriculture 

  • Growing Cut flowers - Cut flowers are commercially grown in green houses, shade houses or in open fields.
  • Bonsai cultivation - Any tree that has been planted in a small pot is not a bonsai. Technically, a bonsai has to be pruned, shaped and trained into the desired shape.
  • Hydroponics - Growing plants without soil and by using water is a main substance.
  • Landscaping - as an activity to change the physical appearance or landscape of an area or a piece of land. Changing the physical appearance of an area may include cutting, growing or rearranging the plants, trees, fauna or flora i.e. the living elements.
  • Lawn - a stretch of open, grass-covered land, esp. one closely mowed, as near a house, on an estate, or in a park.
  • Gardening - garden, land set aside for the cultivation of flowers, herbs, vegetables, or small fruits, for either utility or ornament. Gardens range in size from window boxes and small dooryard plots to the public botanical garden and commercial truck garden.
  • Flower arrangement - The arrangement of flowers for decorating purposes is an art and like all arts differs from person to person. They are two main types of arrangement namely Western style and Orient style (Japanese style). The requirements for flower arrangements are (1) different types of containers, wire netting, pin holders, oasis (a new form of water holding, plastic material), glass bulb (used in transparent vases to hold flowers) etc. The arrangement may be 'Mass arrangement (profusion of flowers and foliage), 'Line arrangement' (stresses linear outline, or combination of two called 'Line mass'.

Scope/ Opportunities in Floriculture

Floriculture is an emerging industry with a great potential of employment generations across various categories as mentioned below

  • Scientist in government departments and research station & private research firm
  • Specialists with the departments of horticulture and municipal corporations. They are employed by the government to look after the improvise plantation, nursery and landscaping projects run by the former.
  • Involved in Cut flower production (Farm and Green house), Nursery, Export and import of flowers and live plants, Tissue culture and micro propagation of ornamental plants, Home Gardening and Garden maintenance, Lawn production and lawn Maintenance.
  • Production and marketing of flower arts, Outdoor consultancy firms as consultant and project coordinators and Landscape designer
  • Supervisors with floriculture companies.
  • Managerial or marketing positions with flower processing and marketing establishments.
  • Farm or estate managers whose job responsibilities include production of certain varieties of flowers placed on the high demand scale.
  • Public sector undertakings and government hospitals, etc. that believe in maintaining a clear and green surroundings.


Duration -4 years

Eligibility - +2 Pass with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Botany & Zoology

Under Graduate

  • B. Sc ( Agriculture)
  • B. Sc ( Horticulture)


  • M. Sc (Floriculture)
  • M. Sc ( Horticulture)
  • Ph. D (Floriculture/Horticulture)


  • Diploma in Floriculture and Landscape Gardening
Certificate Course


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