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Forest and Wildlife

Home -- Services -- Career Guidence -- After 12th -- Professional Courses -- Agriculture

What is Forestry - is an interesting field of study which deals with the theory and practice of all that constitutes the creation, conservation and scientific management of forests and the utilization of their resources.

What is Wildlife - comprises of the innumerous varieties of wild plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms that exist on our planet earth, rather than just cultivated plants and domesticated animals.

Details of the forestry and wildlife

  • Forestry is the science of development and care of forest. It is all about management of forest by protecting, conserving and upgrading up forest resources which also include farming of trees used as timber.
  • The scientific forestry started in India is as early as 1864 to train the forestry professionals for the forest management
  • Forestry and wildlife courses are both are scientific fields and are closely related with each other and as such their education is offered collectively. However one can acquire separate specialisations in the mentioned fields.
  • Forests are one of the most important natural resource for us. Forests contribute a lot to the ecology and economy of the nations and play a major role in improvement of quality of life of the people.
  •  They are not just the green cover we need to make the earth look beautiful; they have many functions integral for our survival and sustenance. They function as a resource for many aspects of human life
  • The world's forests hold importance for all of their inhabitants as well as for the overall health of the planet. The benefits of forests to society and to the diversity of life make it vital that they be protected from deforestation and other potential negative impacts of civilization.
  • Therefore, management of forest is urgently required and that is done by forestry professionals

Specialization/ Branches of Forestry and Wild life 

  • Silviculture
  • Forest products
  • Economics and management
  • Wood Science and Technology
  • Tree Genetics and Breeding
  • Agroforestry
  • Wild life Conservation
  • Fire Management
  • Urban Forestry Program

Importance of Forestry and Wildlife

  • The forests play vital role in improvement of quality of life and contribute in ecology and economy of the nation. The issues like global warming, deforestation, global climatic change, water scarcity, natural disasters, etc. are effectively resolved by judicious use of forest wealth. The awareness and consciousness among the people for the conservation of forest is growing this has resulted in the increased career opportunities in the field of forestry.
  • The Earth's biodiversity supports human life and society. We depend on other organisms, at least to some degree, for virtually every element of our lives. Our food, our medicines, chemicals, a variety of building materials, and much of our clothing derive from living things.
  • Even fossil fuels such as coal and oil, which supply most of the world's power, are formed from organisms that lived millions of years ago.
  • About 90 percent of all the calories that people consume are supplied by only about 100 kinds of plants, though there are tens of thousands of kinds of plants we might use as food. As the human population continues to grow, and as agricultural land becomes increasingly limited, the few species of plants that supply our food may no longer be sufficient.
  • Soon people may need to look to other species to find food crops for the future. But by then, biodiversity may have diminished beyond hope.

Scope/ opportunities in forestry and Wildlife India

There are ample job opportunities available in the government sector. Indian Forest Services (IFS) is good option. The Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE) and its affiliated Forestry research institutes employ trained personnel.

NGOs which have taken up the job of preserving forests also appoint such individuals. Timber or plywood manufacturers also employ forestry specialists as consultants.
Food and Agricultural Organization also hire forestry specialists for various functions in their organization. The job prospects in the education sector are also very bright. One can also opt for research work in various institutions.

  • Foresters
  • Dendrologists
  • Entomologist
  • Ethologist
  • Silviculturist
  • Forest range officers
  • Zoo curators
  • University Teaching, research and extension as an Assistant Professor (AP)/Lecturer and Junior Research Officer (JRO)/Research Officer (RO).
  • NGOs (working in conservation of forests),
  • Subject Matter Specialist (SMS) in the field of agro forestry
  • Corporate houses (involved in timber plantations),
  • Industries that utilise forest resources employ industrial and agricultural consultants.
  • Botanical and zoological parks, wild sanctuaries and national parks.
  • Still photography, film making and wildlife journalism.
  • Opportunities in television channels like Discovery and Natural Geographic.
  • Own private consultancy in environmental impact assessment for large projects.

In Abroad - Other than career options mentioned above forestry specialists from India are finding jobs abroad as wildlife consultants for esteemed organizations.

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is one such organization that deserves a special mention. Many organizations are also hiring Indian personnel for working in countries like Kampuchea, Vietnam, South Africa and other nations.


Duration -4 years

Eligibility - +2 Pass with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Botany & Zoology

Forestry education at the University level in the country was started from the State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) in the year 1985 with the inception of B.Sc. Forestry as a four year degree program from YSPUHF, Solan and PDKV, Akola.

Later this program was initiated in GBPUAT, Pantnagar and TNAU, Coimbatore in 1986 followed by OUAT, Bhubaneshwar and JNKVV, Jabalpur in 1987. Now there are many SAUs offering this program. Beside this the master and doctoral degrees in forestry/agroforestry with specialization of particular topic related to forestry have also started in some agricultural universities. In the recent past very few traditional universities have also started the Forestry education.

Under Graduate

  • B. Sc Forestry
  • B. Sc Wildlife
  • B. Sc Tree Improvements and Genetic Resources
  • BE environmental Science


  • M. Sc Agro forestry
  • M. Sc Forestry
  • M. Sc Forest Product
  • M. Sc Tree Improvements
  • Master in Wildlife Sciences
  • M. Sc Wildlife
  • M. Sc Wildlife biology
  • M. Sc wood science and technology
  • M. Sc environmental science
  • M.Phil in wild life ecology
  • Ph. D in wildlife ecology


  • Diploma Courses in Forestry and Wildlife
  • Diploma in Zoo and Wild Animal Health Cure and Management
  • National Diploma in Zoo and Wild Animal Health Cure and Management (NDZWA)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Forest Management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Natural Resource Management
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Non wood forest product
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Wild Animal Disease Management
  • Advance diploma course in environment protection

Certificate Course


Related Links

Important institutes in India

  • Forest Research Institute (FRI) Dehradun
  • Arid Forest Research Institute (AFRI) Jodhpur
  • Tropical Forest Research Institute (TFRI) Jabalpur
  • Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB)Coimbatore
  •  Himalayan Forest Research Institute (HFRI) Shimla
  • Rain Forest Research Institute (RFRI) Jorhat
  • Institute of Forest Productivity (IFP) Ranchi
  • Institute of Woods Science and Technology (IWST)Bangalore
  • Forest Research Centre (FRC) Hyderabad
  • Centre for Forestry Research and Human Resource Development (CFRHRD) Chhindwara
  • Centre for Social Forestry and Eco-Rehabilitation (CSFER) Allahabad
  • Advanced Research Centre for Bamboo and Rattans (ARCBR), Aizawl
  • Indian Institute of Forest Management, Bhopal.
  • Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun.



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