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Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering (E &I)

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Define/ what is E& I engineering - Instrumentation engineering is one of the complicated but sophisticated branches of engineering discipline which may be studied as a separate branch or along with electronics engineering. Both the courses more or less similar.

Details of E&I, I&C engineering

  • Instrumentation engineering is a branch of electrical and electronic engineering that is concerned with the study of engineering principles and procedures of computing instruments used in designing and assembling automated systems.
  • The work of instrumentation engineers is critical in the industrial manufacturing sector as they are required to construct, design, and maintain instruments and systems of an industry and decide on the type of instruments needed for better quality and efficiency of the products.
  • Some examples of Instrumentation - Modern automobiles have complex instrumentation. In addition to displays of engine rotational speed and vehicle linear speed, there are also displays of battery voltage and current, fluid levels, fluid temperatures, distance traveled and feedbacks of various controls (turn signals, parking brake, headlights, transmission position).
  • Cautions may be displayed for special problems (fuel low, check engine, tire pressure low, door ajar, seat belt unfastened). Problems are recorded so they can be reported to diagnostic equipment. Navigation systems can provide voice commands to reach a destination.
  • Automotive instrumentation must be cheap and reliable over long periods in harsh environments. There may be independent airbag systems which contain sensors, logic and actuators.
  • Anti-skid braking systems use sensors to control the brakes, while cruise control affects throttle position. A wide variety of services can be provided via communication links as the On Star system. Autonomous cars (with exotic instrumentation) have been demonstrated.
  • Air traffic control radar is distributed instrumentation system. The ground portion transmits an electromagnetic pulse and receives an echo (at least).
  • Aircraft carry transponders that transmit codes on reception of the pulse. The system displays aircraft map location, an identifier and optionally altitude. The map location is based on sensed antenna direction and sensed time delay. The other information is embedded in the transponder transmission.

Streams/Branches of E&I engineering

  • Instrumentation - electrical, electronics, mechanical
  • Electric machines
  • Electronic circuit
  • Control systems
  • Digital processing system
  • Automation

Skill requirement for electronics & electrical engineers

  • strong aptitude for math and physics, Excellent problem solving skills, creative and critical thinking, active learning, complex problem solving, Judgment and decision making,  operations analysis, time management

Career in electronics & electrical engineering

  • They can work in several areas like Thermal Power Stations, Steel Plants, Refineries, Cement and Fertilizer Plants for designing, developing and maintaining different control systems, IT, Telecom, Textile, electronics, consultancy and Research
  • Some of the job types available for E&I and I& C engineers
    • Lecturer
    • Instrumentation Technologist
    • Technicians
    • Mechanics
    • Instrument Designers
    • Technical Sales Representatives
    • Field Engineering Technologist
    • Maintenance Personal
    • Testing Professionals
    • Commissioning Technologist

Followings are some of the employers in this field:

Indian Railways,  Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Steel Authority of India (SAIL), Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), ISRO, VSSC  and many private companies especially software development.

On the Job

A control and instrumentation engineer is essentially responsible for designing, developing, installing, managing and/or maintaining equipment which is used to monitor and control engineering systems, machinery and processes. Tasks and responsibilities, which are common to instrumentation engineers, may include:

  • Designing and developing new control systems
  • Maintaining and modifying existing systems
  • Working collaboratively with design engineers, operation engineers, purchasers and other internal staff
  • Project management within cost and time constrained environments
  • Troubleshooting and problem-solving
  • Understanding and ensuring compliance with the health and safety regulations and quality standards
  • Providing advice and consultancy support
  • Domain expert in IT industries

Courses

Under Graduate

  • B. E Instrumentation Engineering
  • B.E Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
  • B.E Biomedical instrumentation
  • B.E instrumentation and control Engineering
  • B.E Applied electronics and instrumentation
  • B. Tech instrumentation Engineering
  • B. Tech electronics and Telecommunication

Postgraduate

  • M. E Instrumentation
  • M. E Instrumentation and control
  • M. Tech in Applied Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering
  • M. Tech in Bio-Medical Signal Processing and Instrumentation
  • M. Tech in Control Systems and Instrumentation
  • M. Tech in Instrumentation and Control Engineering
  • M. Tech in Technology in instrumentation
  • M. Tech in Process Control and Instrumentation
  • M. Tech in process instrumentation
  • Ph. D in instrumentation Engineering
  • Ph. D in Industrial biotechnology
  • Ph. D in Instrumentation and Finite Element Analysis
  • Ph. D in Instrumentation and Control Engineering
  • Ph. D in Instrumentation Technology

Diploma

  • Diploma in instrumentation Engineering

Certificate Course

Colleges

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