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Fire Engineering

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Define/ what is Fire Engineering - Fire Engineering can be defined as the art and science of designing buildings and facilities for life safety and property protection in the event of an unwanted fire.

This includes the application of scientific and engineering principles, based on an understanding of the phenomena of fire and its effects as well as the knowledge of the reaction and behavior of people, property, and the environment, besides studying the impact of fire protection systems including detection, alarm, and sprinkler systems.

Details of Fire Engineering

  • Fire Engineering is a very dangerous profession which requires a strong sense of commitment to public service
  • Fire Engineering is the application of scientific and engineering principles, rules [Codes], and expert judgment, based on an understanding of the phenomena and effects of fire and of the reaction and behaviour of people to fire, to protect people, property and the environment from the destructive effects of fire.

These objectives will be achieved by a variety of means including such activities as:

  • The assessment of the hazards, risks of fire and its effects,
  • The mitigation of potential fire damage by,
    • Proper design, construction and layout
    • Use of buildings, materials used, structures, industrial processes, transportation systems and similar
  • The appropriate level of evaluation for the optimum preventive and protective measures necessary to limit the consequences of fire,
  • The design, installation, maintenance and/or development of fire detection, fire suppression, fire control. Also fire related communication systems and equipment,
  • The direction and control of appropriate equipment and manpower in the strategy and function of fire fighting and rescue operations,
  • Post-fire investigation and analysis, evaluation and feedback.

Streams/Branches of Fire Engineering

  • Fire Prevention & Protection,
  • Fire Extinction Science,
  • Fire Service Administration,
  • Safety Management,
  • Safety Engineering,
  • Loss Control & Safety Laws,
  • Industrial Hygiene and Health,
  • Practical Fire Fighting Drill,
  • Practical Field Training

The specializations in Fire Engineering includes the areas like

  • Fire Science
  • Fire protection Engineering
  • Fire Risk Assessment & Fire Safety Design and Management

Skill requirement for Fire Engineering

  • Physical Fitness, Presence of mind, self discipline, quick decision making and problem solving skills, good communication skills, Report writing skills, complex problem solving, and time management

Career in Fire Engineering

  • A degree in Fire Engineering makes one eligible to join the management cadre in the government or public sector Fire Service.
  • Fire engineers have always been in great demand by corporations, educational institutions, consulting firms, and government bodies around the world.
  • They get employed in Fire Safety departments in local government bodies, insurance companies, architectural and building designers, project management companies, the aircraft industry, industrial processing units, and other places dealing with fire safety concerns.
  • Manufacturing units such as petroleum refineries; industries dealing with petrochemicals and plastic, fertilizers, and textiles; LPG and LNG handling and bottling plants; and chemical factories and other plants offer enormous job opportunities to fire engineers as such products are deemed vulnerable to fire and combustion.
  • Fire engineers may also work as surveyors in insurance companies.

On the Job
Responsibilities and duties may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Drive fire-pumping and aerial lift apparatus in response to alarms; operate pump at the incident scene, regulate water pressure through hose lines.
  • Operate and oversee the use of numerous types of vehicles, equipment, tools, and apparatus.
  • Inspect vehicles, equipment, and apparatus including aerial lift and pumping equipment; perform maintenance and minor repair work; identify the need for major repairs; maintain records of maintenance and overhauls.
  • Respond to emergency medical incidents, analyzing and taking command of patient care with full responsibility for the patient(s) until relieved by proper medical personnel.
  • Participate in fire inspection activities and other fire prevention and public education activities as assigned; ensure that businesses are operating in compliance with the fire code; maintain appropriate records and files.
  • Participate in fire drills; assist in conducting training sessions which include firefighting techniques, emergency medical care, and the proper use of all equipment and related tools.
  • Perform the duties of a Firefighter when pump is not being used at an incident site.


Under Graduate

  • B.E. Fire and Safety Engineering
  • B.E. Fire Engineering
  • B. Tech. Fire and Safety Engineering



  • Diploma in Fire and Industrial Safety Engineering
  • Diploma in Fire and Safety Engineering Management (DFSEM)
  • Diploma in Fire and Safety Engineering (DFSE)
  • Diploma in Fire Engineering
  • Diploma in Fire Safety and Hazard Management
  • Diploma in Health Safety and Environment Engineering
  • Diploma in Industrial Safety Engineering (DISE)
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Fire and Safety Engineering (PGDFSE)
  • Advance Diploma in Fire Safety Engineering

Certificate Course

  • Certificate Course in Fire and Safety Engineering (CFSE)

Names of institutes offering this course in the country

  • National Institute of Fire Management Chennai
  • Safety Engineering and Security Management Pune
  • College of Fire Technology Gujarat
  • National Center for Professional Training Kerala
  • International Institute of Fire Engineering
  • Indian Institute of Fire Engineering New Delhi
  • Institute of Fire and Safety Technology Kochi
  • National Institute of Fire and Safety Kochi
  • National Fire Academy Vadodara
  • Institution of Fire Engineers New Delhi


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