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Geo information Engineering

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Define/ what is Geo information engineering (GIE) - Geo-information Engineering is about acquisition, processing, storing, dissemination, querying, analysis and presentation of geo-data and geo-information.  Or

GIE aims at analyzing, representing, modeling, and visualizing spatiotemporal decision processes and integrates such models in geographic information systems, mobile geo information services, and spatial information technologies

Details of Geo Information Engineering

  • Before getting into course details  you should know some of the differentiation of
    • Geo-Information Science - deals with generic issues in handling and analysis of geospatial data such as data structures, visualization, spatial data analysis, spatial data quality and the propagation of uncertainty.
    • Geo-Information Systems - use of specialist software in mapping and data mining applications in areas like environment, crime, health, education, transport and business.
    •  Geo-Information Engineering - deals with design and construction of specific spatial information solutions such as in predictive modeling, spatial decision support and location-based services.
  • Geo information is central to many activities and decision processes; it has become an essential part in our daily life.
  • Geo information and location-based data for the benefit of citizens in diverse areas, such as transportation, environmental protection, planning, disaster management, energy, agriculture and forestry, information and communication technologies, and education.
  • Location-based services - a new and fast-growing application of geo-information engineering arising from recent convergence in GIS, wireless technologies, positioning systems and mobile human-computer interaction to provide information and data services to mobile devices customized to the specific location and context of the recipient.
  • The course describes the science and technology dealing with the structure and character of spatial information, its capture, its classification and qualification, its storage, processing, portrayal and dissemination, including the infrastructure necessary to secure optimal use of this information or the art, science or technology dealing with the acquisition, storage, processing production, presentation and dissemination of geo information.
  • Course is concerned with the acquisition, analysis, processing and presentation of spatial information, including value-adding to spatial data. It is based on general foundations in mathematics, physics and computer science.

Streams/Branches of Geo information Engineering

  • Geographical information science
  • Remote Sensing
  • Photogrammetric
  • Digital Mapping and Image Processing
  • Spatial Data Analysis and Management
  • Geo-Databases
  • Spatial Decision Support System
  • Global Positioning Systems
  • Mobile computing or information systems
  • Geography

Skill requirement for Geo information Engineering

  • Concept clarity and active listening
  • Reading comprehension and critical thinking
  • Active learning and  complex problem solving
  • Must be proficient at drafting and computer-aided design and drafting (CADD)
  • SQL language
  • ArcGIS (a suite of GIS software)

Scope/opportunities/Career in Geo information Engineering

  • GIS technicians work with organizing and storing large amounts of data, they design and develop databases to house data. They work with scientists and clients to update GIS databases and analyze the data to find out how geographical elements relate.
  • GIS technicians physically make maps to share the data that they have collected, either from the field, or from querying GIS systems. They share these maps with their employers and their clients.
  • GIS technicians work on projects across a wide spectrum. For example, GIS technicians are involved in creating navigation systems, real-estate mapping, military surveillance, and site selection for buildings.

Followings are some of the employers in this field

On the Job or nature of work

  • Design or coordinate the development of integrated GIS spatial or non-spatial databases.
  • Design or prepare graphic representations of GIS data using GIS hardware or software applications.
  • Enter data into GIS databases using techniques such as coordinate geometry, keyboard entry of tabular data, manual digitizing of maps, scanning or automatic conversion to vectors, and conversion of other sources of digital data.
  • Perform geospatial data building, modeling, or analysis using advanced spatial analysis, data manipulation, or cartography software.
  • Analyze GIS data to identify spatial relationships or display results of analyses using maps, graphs, or tabular data.
  • Review existing or incoming data for currency, accuracy, usefulness, quality, or completeness of documentation.
  • Transfer or rescale information from original photographs onto maps or other photographs.
  • Select cartographic elements needed for effective presentation of information.
  • Confer with users to analyze, configure, or troubleshoot applications.
  • Read current literature, talk with colleagues, continue education, or participate in professional organizations or conferences to keep abreast of developments in GIS technology, equipment, or systems.
  • Provide technical support to users or clients regarding the maintenance, development, or operation of GIS databases, equipment, or applications.
  • Recommend procedures and equipment or software upgrades to increase data accessibility or ease of use.

Courses

Under Graduate

  • B. Tech Geo Informatics Engineering
  • B. Tech Geo Science Engineering

Postgraduate

  • M. Tech Geo Informatics Engineering
  • M. Tech Geo Science Engineering

Diploma

Certificate Course

Colleges

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