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Marine Engineering

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Define/ what is Marine Engineering - deals with design, operate, maintain, and repair the mechanical systems of ships.
Working closely with the architect who designs the ship structure, a marine engineer designs the propulsion, auxiliary power machinery, and other equipments require d to run the ship. When marine engineers design systems within a ship, they make sure that these systems are seaworthy.

Marine scientists work in a variety of disciplines that include meteorology, physics, chemistry, geology, physical oceanography, paleontology, and biology.

Details of Marine Engineering  

Marine engineering is a branch of Engineering that deals with nautical architecture and science. The term 'Marine Engineering' is meant for research conducted in oceans and coastal or inland waters connected to the sea.
Marine Engineering courses deal with construction and maintenance of ships and other sailing vessels.

There are three different professions - Naval Architecture, Marine Engineering and Ocean Engineering.

Naval Architects - are those who are involved with basic ship design, starting with hull forms and overall arrangements, power requirements, structure and stability.

Ocean Engineers - study the ocean environment to determine its effects on ships and other marine vehicles and structures. They may design and operate stationary ocean platforms, or manned or remote-operated sub-surface vehicles used for deep sea exploration.

Marine Engineers - have the complete responsibility of the ship's technical management. They are responsible for selecting the ships' machinery, which may include diesel engines, steam turbines, gas turbines; and for the design of mechanical, electrical, fluid and control systems throughout the vessel.

They are the members of a ship's crew who are in charge for managing a team of marine technicians and craftspeople. The construction, operations and maintenance of the engine room are the main obligation of a Marine engineer.

Marine Engineering is also needed to determine the climate of the sea so that they can inform the fishermen of the dangerous behavior of the sea beforehand and they also measure depth of ocean and speed of the cyclones, ocean currents the velocity of the winds

Streams/Branches of Marine engineering  

  • Maritime commerce
  • Marine engineering
  • Environmental Science
  • Control system
  • Networks engineers

The specializations in Marine engineering includes the areas like

  • Naval Architecture
  • Oceanographic engineering
  • Computational mechanics
  • Environmental Science and Technology

Skill requirement for Marine engineering

Organizing ability, Ability to get on well with people of all types at all levels in the hierarchy, Ability to keep calm under pressure and in crisis, Good at conceptualising forms and structures, Knack for numbers, Excellent communication skills, Liking for the sea travel. In addition marine engineers require Physical fitness

Physical Fitness: - Marine Engineering is connected to the sea and oceans. It is about surviving the sea climate. Therefore in addition to the educational requirements one must also pass on the physical fitness scale. There are medical norms like 150cms should be the minimum height with correlated weight and proportionate chest with minimum 5cm expansion. The person should pass a medical fitness test for sea service under standard norms. The eyesight of a person should be 6/6 without any color blindness.

Career in Marine engineering

  • Marine Engineering is highly popular in India today and there is a great demand for Marine Engineers in the ports, shipping industries, Directorate General of Shipping and for teaching in educational institutions.
  • The Marine Engineers work on a myriad projects in marine engineering.
  • The designing and construction of ships, construction of ports and waterfront cargo facilities and the operation of ships and support vessels need the expertise of Marine Engineers.
  • The public shipping industries are as enthusiastic to hire Marine Engineers as private shipping industries. The navy, engine production firms, designing firms, ship building firms and research bodies always have vacancies for Marine Engineers.
  • They are also required for designing and building pipelines and moving natural gas from ports to pipeline.
  • In the government sector a Marine Engineer has to pass Class IV Part A examination to start off as a Junior Engineer.
  • Then he has to succeed in Class IV Part B examination and he becomes a qualified sailor and achieves the position of a Watch Keeping Engineer.
  • After gaining enough experience combined with performance and ability, a Marine Engineer is promoted to the highest post in Marine Engineering which is Chief Engineer.
  • The Chief Engineer - supervises the safe running of Engines, machinery and equipments.
  • The Second engineer - looks after the daily proceeding of the engine room.
  • The Third engineer - takes cares of the engine and the fourth engineer is responsible for small pumps and generators.
  • The Junior engineers - are trainees.
  • The Engineering cadets - who do not have a license

Followings are some of the employers in this field

Shipping Corporation of India, Great Eastern shipping, Varun Shipping, Wilco Ship Management & Transport Pvt. Ltd, Mobil Shipping Co. Ltd, Chevron Manning Services ltd, Mitsui OSK lines, Barbar Ship Management ltd, Australia, Ravenscroft Shipping Inc. Seearland Ship Mgmt. Ltd, Austria, Orinoco Marine Consultancy Pvt. Ltd, Nortrans Pvt. Ltd, Anglo Eastern Shipping Mgmt. ltd, Neptune Orient Lines Pvt, Chellaram Shipping Pvt. Ltd, V-Ships Inc.

On the Job

  • Design complete hull and superstructure according to specifications and test data, in conformity with standards of safety, efficiency, and economy.
  • Career path of Marine Engineer
    B.E Marine Engineer
    Class IV part A examination 
    6months sea service as junior engineer (trainee)
    3months advanced modular courses
    DGS class IV part B examination
    12 months sea service as 3rd or 4th Engineer
    4months preparatory course
    DGS class II examination
    18month sea service as second engineer
    2month preparatory course
    DGS class I examination
    Qualifies as chief engineer
  • Design layout of craft interior, including cargo space, passenger compartments, ladder wells, and elevators.
  • Study design proposals and specifications to establish basic characteristics of craft, such as size, weight, speed, propulsion, displacement, and draft.
  • Co nfer with marine engineering personnel to establish arrangement of boiler room equipment and propulsion machinery, heating and ventilating systems, refrigeration equipment, piping, and other functional equipment.
  • Evaluate performance of craft during dock and sea trials to determine design changes and conformance with national and international standards.
  • Oversee construction and testing of prototype in model basin and develop sectional and waterline curves of hull to establish center of gravity, ideal hull form, and buoyancy and stability data.

Courses

Under Graduate

  • B.E. Harbour Engineering and Offshore Technology
  • B.E. Marine Electrical and Electronics Engineering
  • B.E. Marine Engineering
  • B.E. Naval Architecture
  • B.E. Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering
  • B.Tech. Marine Engineering
  • B. Sc Nautical Science
  • B.Sc. Ship Building and Design
  • BS Marine Engineering
  • BS Nautical Technology
  • Graduate Marine Engineering

Postgraduate

  • M.E. Marine Engineering

Diploma

  • Diploma in Marine Engineer Conversion Course (GEC)
  • Diploma in Nautical Science
  • Refresher and Updating Training for Basic Courses (RUTB)
  • Seamanship and Navigation
  • Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)
  • Higher National Diploma (HND) in Marine Engineering
  • Higher National Diploma (HND) in Nautical Science
  • Diploma in Merchant Navy
  • Presea Training for Diploma Holders (DME)
  • Post Graduate Programme in Maritime Law
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Marine Engineering
  • Diploma in Marine Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Diploma in Merchant Navy

Certificate Course

  • Bridge Resource Management (BRM)
  • Bridge Team Management (BTM)
  • Advanced Fire Fighting (AFF) Diploma in Ship Building and Ship Repair
  • Elementary First Aid (EFA)
  • Fire Prevention and Fire Fighting (FPFF)
  • General Purpose Rating (GP Rating)
  • Presea Training for Graduates (GME)
  • Personal Survival Techniques (PST)
  • Personal Safety and Social Responsibility (PSSR)
  • Passenger Ship Familiarization (PSF)
  • Oil Tanker Familiarization (OTF)
  • Training of Trainers and Assessors Course (TOTA)
  • Ship Masters Medicare
  • Presea Training for Graduates (GME)
  • Proficiency in Survival Craft and Rescue Boat (PSCRB)
  • Radar Observer Course (ROC)
  • Alternate Training Scheme (ATS)
  • Automatic Radar Plotting Aids (ARPA)
  • Certificate Course in Maritime Catering
  • Certificate Course in Ship Wright (ship building and ship repairing)
  • Chemical Tanker Familiarization (CTF)
  • Deck Cadets

Colleges

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