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Metallurgical Engineering

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Define/ what is Metallurgical Engineering - is an important branch of engineering that deals with the study of the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their alloys. Or
It is branch of engineering that deals with a study of science of metals and their properties, including separating metals from their ores, the making and compounding of alloys, and the technology and science of working and heat-treating metals to alter their physical characteristics

Metallurgy, the science of metals, is one of the materials sciences. Other materials sciences include physical metallurgy, ceramics, and polymer chemistry, or plastics

Details of Metallurgical Engineering

  • Metallurgical Engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with the study of science and art of metals and their properties. It includes areas of processing the metals and converting them into useful products
  • Metallurgical engineering comprises the application of technology to metals. Professionals in this field of engineering are known as Metallurgical Engineers or Metallurgist
  • Metallurgical engineers extract, refine, and recycle metals. They solve problems such as reducing corrosion, maintaining heat levels, and increasing the strength of a product.
  • They help develop or improve metals that are used in healthcare, transportation, defense, and in the entertainment industry.
  • The work of a metallurgical engineer impacts most other engineering fields as they develop core materials that can enhance the function of many products and systems.
  • There are three main branches of this field Physical Metallurgical engineering, Extractive Metallurgical and Mineral processing.
    • Physical Metallurgical engineering - deals with problem solving i.e. development of metallic alloys needed for different types of manufacturing and construction.
    • Extractive Metallurgical - involves extracting metal from ore.
    • Mineral processing - involves gathering mineral products from the earth’s crust.

Streams/Branches of Metallurgical Engineering

  • Hydrometallurgy
  • Physical Metallurgy
  • Pyrometallurgy
  • Corrosion
  • Electrometallurgy
  • Flotation
  • Heat treatment of steels
  • Mechanical metallurgy
  • Metallurgical analysis
  • Minerals processing
  • Physical metallurgy
  • Refractory materials
  • Welding metallurgy


Skill requirement for Metallurgical Engineering

  • Active listening, reading comprehension, critical thinking, Research skills, Report writing skills, active learning, complex problem solving, Judgment and decision making,  operations analysis, time management

Career in Metallurgical Engineering

  • Metallurgical engineering is the backbone of industry for any country.
  • Metallurgical engineers are required in every industry and enterprise that produces, buys, sells, refines or manufactures metals or metallic products.
  • With experience and a higher degree they can reach top positions in management and research.
  • Those having metallurgical engineering qualification can get job opportunities in government as well as private undertakings.
  • Metallurgical engineers are usually employed in metal extraction and processing units, construction companies, foundries, heat treatment shops, electrical companies and heavy manufacturing enterprises

Followings are some of the employers in this field:

Tata Iron and Steel Company, Steel Authority of India (SAIL), Hindustan copper limited, Hindalco limited and steel plants, Bhilai, Rourkela and Bokaro employ metallurgical engineers, Larsons Group, New Bharat Refractories, Metal Powder Company, Hindustan Aeronautics, NALCO, and Utkal Mineral are some of the stellar organizations that recruit metallurgical engineers

On the Job

  • Conduct research and development
  • Develop processing plants
  • Supervise production processes
  • Assure the quality of metal products
  • Sell and service metal products
  • Write for technical magazines and trade associations
  • Metallurgical Engineers may also supervise the work of metallographers, highly trained technologists, and other assistants in conducting tests on metals to determine their structure for such purposes as quality control, the development of new and improved alloys, and the development of better production methods.


Under Graduate

  • B.E. Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
  • B.E. Metallurgical Engineering
  • B. Tech. Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
  • B. Tech. Metallurgical Engineering


  • M.E. Metallurgical Engineering
  • M. Tech. Extractive Metallurgy of Iron and Steel
  • M. Tech. Foundry Technology
  • M. Tech. Materials and Metallurgical Engineering
  • M. Tech. Materials Engineering
  • M. Tech. Metallurgical Engineering
  • M. Tech. Process Metallurgy
  • Ph.D. Metallurgical and Materials Engineering


  • Diploma in Metallurgical Engineering

Certificate Course


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